North Sumatra

North Sumatra

North Sumatra

Description

 

Home to a diverse array of cultures and a fascinating kaleidescope of Indonesian life, the region of North Sumatra has many wonders to explore. North Sumatra’s specacular natural beauty spreads from the magnificent Lake Toba, the biggest lake in Southeast Asia, to the jungle of Bukit Lawang which organgutans make their home. The natural and cultural wonders here make this is a region to come and have a true adventure.

The landscape here has been shaped by thousands of years of volcanic activity. From the incredible Lake Toba which was formed around 75,000 years ago in one of the most fierce volcanic eruptions ever known to the still smouldering Mt Sibayak, volcanoes dominate the landscape everywhere.

North Sumatra is home to rare and exotic wildlife. Discover exceptional and unique species like the orangutans, the white-handed gibbon, and 17 types of bird. For nature lovers, the extraordinary ecosystems which exist here are well worth a visit.

The largest city in this region, Medan, is a thriving metropolis, and one of the biggest cities in Indonesia. The population of the city is diverse, representing virtually every ethnicity in Indonesia.  As one of the most important economic hubs in the country, Medan is also a place to do business with a number of oil and plantation export companies operating here and in the surrounding region.

Whether you’re after a jungle adventure, a relaxing holiday in pristine natural surrounds or an authentic experience of native Batak culture, this is a region which has it all.
 

History

 

North Sumatra is a treasure chest of culture and tradition waiting to be explored, with ancient graves of Batak kings, unique dances and ceremonies plus beautiful arts and crafts.

Entry

 

The main airport in this region is Polonia Airport, Medan. There are daily flights between Medan and most major cities in Indonesia.

Airlines that fly to Medan are:

Garuda Indonesia
Lion Air
Air Asia
Batavia Air
Sriwijaya Air
Riau Airlines
Mandala Airlines
Merpati
Kartika Airlines  
International flights also go directly to Medan.
Air Asia has flights from Thailand and Malaysia to Medan.
Lion Air has flights from Singapore, Malaysia and Vietnam to Medan.
Garuda has flights from Thailand to Medan.
Regular buses which run to destinations throughout North Sumatra are available via Trans Sumatra. Bus station Jl. Sisingamangaraja Medan.

Belawan seaport is the sea link to Penang, Malaysia.

PELNI Lines
Jl. Krakatau 17A Phone. (061) 6622526

Train station PERUMKA
Jl. Stasiun 1 Medan Phone. (061) 514114

People & Culture

 

With a population of around 12 million people, the people of this region can be divided into five main ethnic groups and languages: The coastal Malays, living along the Malaka Straits, the Bataks, the Angkola or Mandailing of the southern Tapanuli, and the Nias Islanders off the western coast of the province. These groups each have their own dialects, religious beliefs, arts, custom and cultures. Several other ethnic groups also live in Medan and other towns of North Sumatra, the largest of these being Chinese and Indian.

In the capital city of Medan there are ethnic tribes from all over Sumatra and Indonesia who’ve come to the city to do business. The city is also home to a sizeable Chinese and Indian population.

Living in a spectacularly beautiful part of North Sumatra around Lake Toba, the Batak people are divided into six cultures, each with their own language, ceremonies and traditions. Although geographically isolated, the Bataks have a history of regular contact with the outside world.  Trade between the highlands and other regions saw the exchange of goods such as salt, cloth and iron which were imported into the region for gold, rice and cassia (a type of cinnamon).  

The first Europeans to venture into Batak territory were missionaries, who began to explore the remote inland region in the late 18th century. Missionaries would send reports home of a fierce and defiant local society with frequent mentions of cannibalism. As early as the 9th century, an Arab text mentions that Sumatra’s inhabitants eat human flesh. Today anthropologists believe this was a rare form of capital punishment that may have seemed more common than it actually was as many Batak kept the bones of their tribal ancestors which may have been mistaken by outsiders as grisly trophies.

Traditional Batak beliefs center on a spiritual understanding that the universe is divided into three, the upper world where the God’s reside, the middle world which belongs to humans and the lower world which is home to ghosts and demons.

Medical care in Batak culture focuses on the condition of the soul. It’s believed that sickness is caused when the soul flees the body in which case a shaman (traditional healer) is needed to come and help call the wandering soul back to the patient.

In the Batak highlands you will see traditional houses with distinctive high pointy roofs line the landscape. These houses are on stilts so that the family’s animals such as pig and buffalo can live underneath.     

In North Sumatra you’ll find a treasure chest of cultural and heritage attractions waiting to be explored. Soak up the culture here with a visit to the ancient graves of Batak kings, a performance of traditional dance or look at the locally produced beautiful arts and crafts.
 

Cuisine

 

Sumatra food is famous for being spicy and cuisine from North Sumatra is no different.
When you’re in town, try local dishes like Chicken Rice, Medan Kweetiaow and others. Most of the dishes here are influenced by Malay, Chinese and Indian culture.

For those who want to embrace exotic cuisine, North Sumatra offers unusual dishes including with ingredients like dog, congealed blood and pig. You can easily find those in certain restaurants, just ask around.

While in Berastagi, make sure to visit traditional markets and sample the exotic fruits. A glass of marquisa syrup will quench your thirst, and it can be consumed hot or cold. This is also a perfect souvenir for your loved ones.
 

Tourism Office

 

Jl. Jend. A. Yani No.107, Medan. 20111
Phone. (061) 4538101, 4520559, 4524908 Fax. (061) 4528436
www.northsumatratourism

Further information about Sumatra tourism is available from the Sumatra Tourism Board.

 

Strong consolidation needed to face global economic turbulence Reporter: Agus Salim 3 hours ago President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) addressing at a ceremony commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Kadin) on Monday night. (Agus Salim) Jakarta (ANTARA News) - President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) reminded the country`s fiscal and monetary authorities and the business of the need for strong coordination and consolidation to face the global economic uncertainties. "Uncertainties in the global condition, trade war between the United States and China, increase in interest rate, crisis in Argentina and Turkey, would necessitate strong consolidation and coordination between the monetary and fiscal authorities and the business sector," Jokowi said addressing a ceremony commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Kadin) here on Monday night. He said good coordination and consolidation would make it easier to develop the public and market confidence. "It is the same as in developing a corporation. Trust brand is vital. The state needs that. Building up trust and market confidence that the international communities, domestic market believe that we are working seriously to settle state problems," he said. He said Indonesia is a big country with a population of 263 million, the fourth largest in the world, having 17,000 islands and made up of 34 provinces. "It is not easy to manage such big country . Each area has own cases, and requirement different from each other," he added. He said developing Indonesia concerns not only economic and political aspects. "If we are concerned only with economic and political gains we need only to focus on development of Java, which is home to 60 percent of the country`s population, but we think of a nation. We are concerned not only with expanding business empire leaving Papua, North Maluku, NTT and other eastern Indonesian regions to suffer in backwardness," he said. Currently imbalance is still wide in infrastructure between the country`s western, central and eastern regions, he said, adding Indonesia is seeking to catch up with other countries. He cited three years earlier, Indonesia had only 231 water reservoirs and dams as against 6,000 dams in the United States and 110,000 dams in China. "This is fact that has to be presented and we have to do something about it," he said. He also spoke about progress made in the construction of toll roads saying after the Jagorawi toll road was operational until early 2015, Indonesia had only 780 km of toll road as against China`s toll roads totaling 280,000 km. "We need to know the condition we are in before we start working hard to make up for the gap especially in eastern Indonesia," he said. Reporting by Agus Salim Editing by Albert Saragih Editor: Bustanuddin COPYRIGHT © ANTARA 2018 AddThis Sharing Buttons Share to FacebookShare to TwitterShare to Google+Share to WhatsAppShare to LINEShare to PinterestShare to GmailShare to EmailShare to More Prev News Indonesia calls for reconciliation and justice for peace Next News Puan attends UN meeting on world peace Comments
President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) reminded the country`s fiscal and monetary authorities and the business of the need for strong coordination and consolidation to face the global economic uncertainties.
Indonesia continues to promote technical cooperation programs developed by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.
An international seminar themed SEAMEO Education Agenda for Sustainable Southeast Asia was organized by Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO), in cooperation with the Indonesian Education and Culture Ministry, here, on Wednesday.
I Gusti Ngurah Rai International Airport in Badung, Bali, again won the world`s best airport for the category of airports serving 15-25 million passengers annually from the Airport Council International (ACI) based in Montreal, Canada.
President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) has expressed Indonesia`s commitment to continue to improve cooperation in the fields of trade and industry with the Czech Republic.
Indonesian President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) and Australian Prime Minister Scott Marrison have reached an agreement on Indonesia-Australia Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IA-CEPA) at a meeting in Bogor on Friday.
Bank Indonesia is satisfied that national economic dynamics are currently solid and resilient.
Indonesia`s economy has grown 5.27 percent year-on-year in the second quarter of 2018, slightly higher by 0.26 percent than the same period last year, according to the Central Bureau of Statistic.
President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) has lauded the Law and Order Index placing Indonesia among the top ten safest countries in the world.
Address: 1068 Budapest, Városligeti fasor 26. | MAP |
Phone: (+36-1) 413 3800 Fax: (+36-1) 322 8669
E-mail: embassy@indonesianembassy.hu