Non-Aligned Movement to Focus on Future

24 May, 2011 | Source: The Jakarta Post

The Non-Aligned Movement celebrates its 50th anniversary in Indonesia next week with ministers focusing on how to maintain the relevance of an organization born at the height of the Cold War in the complex 21st century world.

Egypt′s U.N. Ambassador Maged Abdelaziz, whose country currently chairs the 118-member organization, said Thursday the meeting in Bali will give diplomats and ministers a chance to take stock of the movement′s achievements since its founding in 1961.

"It turned from an organization that was made to balance between the East and the West to an organization that is meant to pursue the political, economic and social objectives of the developing countries," Abdelaziz said in a recent interview. "It was more successful in the ′60s and the ′70s."

At the four-day meeting that begins Monday, there will be a special declaration commemorating the anniversary of the movement which united countries that did not consider themselves to be aligned with either the United States or the Soviet Union, the two superpowers at the time.

But Abdelaziz said the focus will be on the future.

He said the Non-Aligned Movement, or NAM, has changed dramatically since the Cold War and requires "a lot of revitalization."

In the current more "unipolar" world dominated by the United States, he said "the NAM is looked at suspiciously" by rich developed countries "because they want to deal with individual countries" not with the developing world as a whole.

Abdelaziz said a key goal in Bali is "to achieve much more closer ranks on dealing with issues in the United Nations, whether it is on the political front or in the economic and social front."

He said the movement′s clout lies in the bloc vote that it can provide on critical issues like statehood for Palestine, which will be on the agenda in Bali.

But the NAM′s problem is that it is an all-encompassing political body whose members range from China and Libya to Chile and Singapore and have very differing views on issues like nuclear nonproliferation and human rights, Abdelaziz said.

In Bali, the NAM will welcome two new members: Fiji and Azerbaijan.

But Abdelaziz said Libya′s seat will be empty.

He said both the Libyan government led by Moammar Gadhafi and the transitional government in Benghazi wanted to attend the Bali meeting, but the NAM coordinating bureau decided to follow the Arab League which has suspended Libya from all activities.

Because of its varied membership, Abdelaziz said the organization "was not meant to negotiate among ourselves what are our demands, or what are our aspirations."

"So the NAM is not going to become an organization that is going to change attitudes of member states," Abdelaziz said. "The maximum it′s going to do is to coordinate positions on political, economic and social issues and to coordinate this with other parties."

For instance, he said, the NAM "troika" - comprising the current, past and future presidents - meets monthly with the European Union troika at the U.N. to discuss a wide variety of issues, and it also coordinates with Asian and Arab groups.

The NAM′s current troika includes immediate past president Cuba, current president Egypt, and Iran which will take over the presidency next year.

The Cuba "benefited very much" from leading NAM and many of their stances softened from seeing how other countries act and reacted. He expressed hope that Iran′s upcoming presidency will have a similar effect.

 

The Indonesian government, through a resolution issued by the Ministry of Health, has officially enforced health protocols for the tourism and creative economy sector.
The Indonesian Trade Ministry has adopted strategic measures to intensify the exports of processed food products to improve Indonesia′s trade balance in the second quarter of 2020 amid the COVID-19 pandemic, Trade Minister Agus Suparmanto stated.
The spread of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has brought the tourism sector to a screeching halt, resulting in the collapse of tourism-related industries comprising aviation, hotel, restaurant, and other travel and hospitality businesses worldwide.
Israel’s lust for more Arab land seems endless. They have occupied and colonized most of Palestinian land and unilaterally claimed Syria’s Golan Height, annexed Jerusalem, and now they plan to annex parts of Jordan Valley and West Bank. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told a meeting of Likud’s Knesset faction on May 26 that the annexation of West Bank will begin on July 1 this year.
Indonesia will produce COVID-19 test kits and ventilators by late May of 2020, Minister of Research and Technology/Head of the National Research and Innovation Board Bambang Brodjonegoro stated.
Vice President Ma′ruf Amin confirmed that the Indonesian government had readied several development programs to support the country′s recovery amid the COVID-19 pandemic that led the government to amend the focus of development in 2020.
Address: 1068 Budapest, Városligeti fasor 26. | MAP |
Phone: (+36-1) 413 3800 Fax: (+36-1) 322 8669
E-mail: embassy@indonesianembassy.hu